How to Maintain Proper Pool Chlorine Levels

As a pool owner, maintaining the right chlorine levels is essential for keeping your water clean, clear and safe for swimming. Chlorine is a powerful sanitizer that destroys harmful bacteria, algae and other contaminants. However, too much or too little chlorine can create issues. Follow these tips to dial in the perfect chlorine levels for your pool.

Understanding Ideal Chlorine Levels

For most residential pools, you’ll want to aim for a free chlorine level between 1-3 parts per million (ppm), with 2-3 ppm being the ideal target range. Free chlorine refers to the amount of chlorine available to sanitize the pool.

Moreover, anything under 1 ppm increases risks of contaminant buildup and algae blooms. Once levels drop below 0.6 ppm, chlorine’s sanitizing effectiveness is completely depleted. On the other hand, exceeding 5 ppm chlorine makes the water unhealthy for swimming due to strong odors and irritation risks for eyes and lungs.

Trouble Free Pool (2024) your FC (Free Chlorine) level shows the amount of disinfecting chlorine available (active plus reserve) to keep your pool sanitary. FC should be tested, and chlorine added daily. If you have an automatic feeder or SWG, you can test it every couple of days. FC is consumed by sunlight, and by breaking down organic material in your pool. The level of FC you need to maintain depends on your CYA (Cyanuric Acid) level and how much you use the pool.

maintain proper pool chlorine levels
Chlorine helps homeowners have crystal, clear pool water.

Testing Chlorine Frequently

To maintain proper chlorine levels, you’ll need to test your chlorine readings frequently. Use test strips or a test kit. Aim to test levels at least 2-3 times per week. Or anytime the pool gets heavier usage. The best practice is to test first thing in the morning before any sunlight exposure.

Factors like heat, sunlight, heavy bather loads, rainfall and the pool’s chlorine demand (based on surface area and gallons) all impact chlorine depletion rates. More sun and heat means you’ll need to chlorinate more frequently to make up for faster chlorine burn off.

Let us come out and test your pool chlorine levels for you. Go to our Pool Cleaning Service page for details.

Shocking the Pool

In addition to routine chlorine dosing, “shock” the pool weekly or bi-weekly by adding a concentrated chlorine shock treatment. This quickly raises chlorine to a “shock level” of 10 ppm or higher for a few hours to destroy any built-up contaminants. It also reactivates the sanitizing strength.

Many pool owners choose to schedule a weekly shock treatment when chlorine demands will be lower. An example is, the evening before a light pool usage day. After shocking, chlorine levels will remain elevated for up to 48 hours. Afterwards, they will naturally dissipate back down to ideal ranges.

ideal pool chlorine levels
Shock pool to prevent cloudiness.

Stabilizing Chlorine

In sunny environments, it’s smart to use stabilized chlorine products. Another option is to add a chlorine stabilizer. This protects chlorine from rapidly burning off from UV rays. Cyanuric acid is a common stabilizer that needs to be between 30-100 ppm to provide chlorine protection while still allowing sanitizing effectiveness.

Solenis (n.d.) cyanuric acid is usually introduced at the beginning of the swim season, when the pool is opened. Meyer says that should be the only time it’s added, since it does not dissipate the way chlorine does. The only way to remove CYA is by removing water, sometimes through splash-out, or backwashing. For that reason, it’s critical to make sure not to over-add it, or the pool will need to be drained to balance the chemicals.

Wrapping Up

By routinely monitoring and adjusting chlorine based on your pool’s needs, you’ll minimize chemical expenses while ensuring chlorine levels stay inside healthy ranges at all times.

Finally, remember that striking a chlorine balance is an ongoing process, not a one-and-done task. With a little diligence and know-how, you’ll have sparkling and swimmable water all season long.

References:

Solenis. (n.d.). The downside of cyanuric acid. Pool and Spa News. https://www.poolspanews.com/products/chemicals/the-downside-of-cyanuric-acid

Trouble Free Pool. (2024, May 26). The abcs of pool water chemistry. Trouble Free Pool. https://www.troublefreepool.com/blog/2018/12/12/abcs-of-pool-water-chemistry/

 

 

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